Posts Tagged 'transplantation'

New method rescues donor organs to save lives

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Researchers have — for the first time — maintained a fully functional lung outside the body for several days. They designed the cross-circulation platform that maintained the viability and function of the donor lung and the stability of the recipient over 36-56 hours, used the advanced support system to fully recover the functionality of lungs injured by ischemia and made them suitable for transplant.

Read more at https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/03/170306114242.htm

 

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Thomas Starzl, pioneering transplant surgeon, dies at 90

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Thomas E. Starzl, whose bold vision, boundless energy and unflagging self-confidence resulted in dramatic and pioneering advances in organ transplantation and anti-rejection medicines that saved thousands of lives, died in his sleep Saturday at his home in Oakland. He was 90.

Dr. Starzl performed the world’s first liver transplant in Denver in 1963 and Pittsburgh’s first liver transplant in 1981 after moving there at the end of 1980. He was the surgeon who performed the world’s first heart-liver transplant in 1984, ...

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Donor, Recipient Characteristics Impact Transplant Costs

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Kidney donor and recipient characteristics impact transplant costs, according to a study published online Aug. 27 in the American Journal of Transplantation.

David Axelrod, M.D., M.B.A., from the Brody School of Medicine in Greenville, N.C., and colleagues performed a national retrospective cohort study to examine the impact of kidney donor and recipient characteristics on transplant center cost and Medicare reimbursement. Data were analyzed for 53,862 deceased donor and 36,715 living donor transplants from 2002 to 2013.

The researchers observed correlations for deceased ...

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No Ethical Barriers to Face Transplant in Children, Experts Conclude

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Should children be considered for facial transplantation? While there are some special ethical and psychological concerns, these shouldn’t rule out the possibility of performing face transplant in carefully selected children, according to an expert review in the August issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery®, the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS).

“Our analysis finds no physical, psychological, or ethical barrier that disqualifies children from undergoing face transplantation,” comments Alexandre Marchac of Hôpital Européen Georges-Pompidou, Paris, lead ...

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Transplanting Organs from Incompatible Donors

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The search to find a compatible kidney donor is often a long and agonizing one – a complex series of biological matches need to be met to reduce the risk of the new organ being rejected, which means most kidney transplants have to come from blood relatives. Now a pioneering new technique is being tested that could allow those needing a transplant to receive a kidney from any donor.

Experts are calling the new procedure revolutionary, reports The New York Times, ...

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Education Corner – Impact of Zika Virus on Organ Donation & Transplantation

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Background

  • Zika is a flavivirus transmitted primarily by infected mosquitoes of the Aedes species which also spread Chikungunya and dengue
  • Alert issued in May 2015 regarding first confirmed case in Brazil
  • Previously reported in tropical Africa, Southeast Asia and the Pacific Islands
  • Now reported in more than 20 countries and territories:

Þ   CDC map of active transmission locations

  • Local transmission in U.S. had been limited to Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands

The U.S. does have the mosquito species that can spread ...

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Liver Preservation with Machine Perfusion and Newly Developed Cell-Free Oxygen Carrier Solution

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Fontes et al. describe in their study the use of a new preservation modality combining a new hemoglobin-based oxygen carrier solution with machine perfusion at subnormothermic conditions. According to Fontes et al., liver transplant volumes have remained stagnant for the past years with continued deaths on the national waitlist. While there has been an increase in ECD and DCD donors, liver utilization remains suboptimal and high discard rates are observed. This new system, would allow for the ongoing provision of ...

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