Education Corner – Penile Transplantation

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A First in the United States

The first U.S. penile transplant was performed in May of 2016 at Massachusetts General Hospital, following 3 ½ years of interdepartmental research and collaboration. The multidisciplinary team led by Curtis L. Cetrulo, Jr., MD and Dicken S.C. Ko, MD in collaboration with New England Organ Bank, conducted the 15 hour operation.

The recipient, Thomas Manning, 64 years old, had undergone curative partial penectomy following a penile cancer diagnosis in 2012. He experienced one serious complication the day after his surgery when he hemorrhaged and was taken back to the operating room.
To watch members of his healthcare team share their observations and a post-operative statement from Mr. Manning, visit

Prior Experience

Two prior penile transplant attempts have been reported:

  • A failed attempt in China (2006)
  • A successful procedure in South Africa (2014); the recipient later fathered a child

Transplantation Information

Penile transplantation is a genitourinary vascularized composite allograft (GUVCA) transplant:

  • The three main goals of a GUVCA (Mass General News, New York Times):
    • Reconstruct external genitalia to a more natural appearance
    • Re-establish urinary function within a few weeks
    • Potentially achieve sexual function in weeks to months
  • This experimental surgery is paving the way for “future treatment of patients with significant pelvic and genitourinary tissue loss related to cancer, trauma or infection,” according to Dr. Ko.

What Now?

  • Another patient at Massachusetts General, whose penis was destroyed by burns sustained from a car accident, is awaiting transplant following identification of a suitable donor.
  • Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, who are also planning to perform penile transplants; have had a combat veteran who was injured in Afghanistan awaiting transplant for several months.
  • GUVCA for wounded veterans is a main focus of interest for transplant programs due to
    • exceptionally high suicide rates among soldiers with severe genital or urinary tract damage
    • 1,367 men suffered genitourinary injuries in the military from 2001 to 2013; nearly all under 35 year olds, were injured as a result of improvised explosive devices (I.E.D.s) (New York Times)

A special thanks to Elizabeth Spencer from Elizabeth Katherine Communications LLC for her contributions to this issue.


Massachusetts General Hospital, Mass General News, News Release

Denise Grady (May 16, 2016). Man Receives First Penis Transplant in the United States New York Times.  Retrieved from

Editor: Hedi Aguiar RN, MSN, Director of Programs and Communications, The Alliance,
This Education Corner is available for download. The Alliance grants permission for the distribution and reproduction of this educational communication.


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