Education Corner – April is National Donate Life Month!

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April is National Donate Life Month!

What is National Donate LIfe Month?

Observed each April, National Donate Life Month (NDLM) features an entire month of local, regional and national activities to encourage Americans to register as organ, eye and tissue donors and to celebrate those that have saved and enhanced lives through the gift of donation. Organ procurement organizations, hospital and community partners team up for special events and initiatives to communicate the life-saving and healing power of donation, and the importance ...

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HCV drugs may slash wait times for transplants

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Imagine this: You’re treating a patient with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) who has been on the kidney transplant list for almost a year. That’s not a surprising delay; more than 100,000 people are on the waiting list nationwide, and the median wait time is now over 3.5 years. So your patient probably has at least two more years to wait—years of dialysis in which he might become too sick to receive that transplant or die before it becomes available. (More ...

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Education Corner – Organ Allocation Process

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How is it decided who receives the organs from an organ-donor?

Matching & Allocating Organs

The United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) maintains a centralized computer network (UNetSM), which links all organ procurement organizations (OPOs) and transplant centers, in a secure, real-time environment. UNOS is under contract with Health Services & Resources Administrations (HRSA), an agency of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, to administer this process. Their computer network is accessible 24 hours / day, seven days / week.

When ...

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Virtual Journal Club: Current State of Ex-Vivo Lung Perfusion

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INTRODUCTION

Lung transplantation is the preferred treatment for patients with end-stage lung disease. Worldwide, the number of lung transplants performed annually has steadily increased, with approximately 4000 lung transplants performed in 2013. Despite this growth, the number of lungs available for transplantation fails to meet the needs of those patients on the waiting list. In the United States alone, 2394 patients were newly listed in 2013 with a waitlist mortality rate of 15.1 per 100 patient years. The supply and demand ...

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Language barriers and the kidney transplant waiting list

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Kidney transplant candidates who live in ZIP codes with more non-English speakers are less likely to make it onto the U.S. active waiting list, according to a recent study.

Those with linguistic barriers – especially in Hispanic and Asian households – also wait longer for a transplant evaluation or never complete one at all.

“The problem likely extends further than merely language. Cultural and educational barriers likely also play a role,” said senior study author Edmund Huang of the Kidney Transplant Program ...

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High-donor-volume hospitals recover more transplantable organs per donor

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CHICAGO (January 18, 2016): Hospitals that manage the highest volume of deceased organ donors are 52 percent more likely to recover an above-average number of transplantable organs per donor compared with low-volume hospitals, according to results from a new study conducted across three U.S. donation regions. The findings appear online as an “article in press” on the Journal of the American College of Surgeons website in advance of print publication.

On average, these high-volume medical centers reportedly had an ...

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Education Corner – Managing Stress & Preventing Burnout

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Managing Stress & Preventing Burnout

“…chronic lack of self-care/compassion fatigue, like any other kind of fatigue, reduces our capacity or our interest in bearing the suffering of others” (Figley, 2002, p.1434)

Definitions

Risk Factors

Mental health • history of trauma • lack of training • clarity of role • unsupportive work and social environments • large caseloads/ long working hours • working extensively with severely ...

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Antifibrotic Drugs Safe in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis Patients Undergoing Lung Transplant

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It is safe to administer antifibrotic drugs to patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, possibly reducing disease progression over time in those awaiting lung transplant, according to recent study results.

“With increasing use of antifibrotics following recent FDA approval, questions arise about their safety in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) patients undergoing lung transplant, yet safety data in this specific setting are currently lacking,” Isabelle Delanote, MD, from the department of respiratory disease at the University Hospitals Leuven in Belgium, and colleagues wrote. ...

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Research Suggests Kidney Donations Should Be Accepted From Older Patients

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Given the choice, most people on the kidney transplant wait list would choose an organ from a younger donor. But in some cases, receiving a lifesaving kidney from an older donor — alive or deceased — may be better than having no donor at all.

This new thinking is being driven, in part, by the shortage of kidneys available for transplant. According to the National Kidney Foundation, of the more than 121,000 people in the United States awaiting an organ transplant, ...

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Assessing Risk of Developing Portal Vein Clots in People Awaiting Liver Transplantation

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A new scoring tool has been developed to assess the risk of developing a blood clot in the vein that brings blood from the intestines to the liver (portal vein) among people awaiting liver transplantation, according to research presented this week at The Liver Meeting® — held by the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases.

Portal vein thrombosis (PVT) in people with cirrhosis (scaring of the liver) can lead to worsening of liver disease, poorer outcomes and can potentially ...

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