Could Spinach Help The Organ Transplant Crisis

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A group of scientists was able to convert a spinach leaf into a piece of working human heart tissue. They decellularized a spinach leaf and dyed it to observe if it could function as the human heart at the time of transporting blood, oxygen, and all the essential nutrients needed for life.

The experimentation conducted by this team of scientists from the Worcester Polytechnic Institute could lead to incredible improvements in the transplant field. In the recent years, many medical organizations ...

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8-Month Pregnant Widow Donates Husband’s Face

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There could hardly be a more All-American teenage love story: Lillian and Rudy Ross met in a Minnesota high school shop class, and their first kiss was in a Hardee’s parking lot. They were high school sweethearts destined to become the parents of an adorable, chubby-cheeked infant – but no one could have guessed, when their romance commenced, that they would also give the gift of life to half a dozen other people, including the recipient of an incredibly rare ...

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Duke Makes Organ Transplants Possible for Jehovah’s Witnesses

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According to the Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network, only about 2,600 donor hearts become available each year. At any given time, about 4,000 people are on a waiting list for a heart transplant.

In the past, people with religious objections to blood transfusions refused this and other lifesaving procedures. But for many, the surgery is now possible without conflicting with faith.

Raoul Gibson, 35, received a donor’s heart at Duke Hospital last Valentine’s Day. Normally, he would have had to refuse the ...

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HCV drugs may slash wait times for transplants

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Imagine this: You’re treating a patient with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) who has been on the kidney transplant list for almost a year. That’s not a surprising delay; more than 100,000 people are on the waiting list nationwide, and the median wait time is now over 3.5 years. So your patient probably has at least two more years to wait—years of dialysis in which he might become too sick to receive that transplant or die before it becomes available. (More ...

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Education Corner – Organ Allocation Process

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How is it decided who receives the organs from an organ-donor?

Matching & Allocating Organs

The United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) maintains a centralized computer network (UNetSM), which links all organ procurement organizations (OPOs) and transplant centers, in a secure, real-time environment. UNOS is under contract with Health Services & Resources Administrations (HRSA), an agency of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, to administer this process. Their computer network is accessible 24 hours / day, seven days / week.

When ...

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New method rescues donor organs to save lives

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Researchers have — for the first time — maintained a fully functional lung outside the body for several days. They designed the cross-circulation platform that maintained the viability and function of the donor lung and the stability of the recipient over 36-56 hours, used the advanced support system to fully recover the functionality of lungs injured by ischemia and made them suitable for transplant.

Read more at https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/03/170306114242.htm

 

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Virtual Journal Club: Current State of Ex-Vivo Lung Perfusion

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INTRODUCTION

Lung transplantation is the preferred treatment for patients with end-stage lung disease. Worldwide, the number of lung transplants performed annually has steadily increased, with approximately 4000 lung transplants performed in 2013. Despite this growth, the number of lungs available for transplantation fails to meet the needs of those patients on the waiting list. In the United States alone, 2394 patients were newly listed in 2013 with a waitlist mortality rate of 15.1 per 100 patient years. The supply and demand ...

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Thomas Starzl, pioneering transplant surgeon, dies at 90

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Thomas E. Starzl, whose bold vision, boundless energy and unflagging self-confidence resulted in dramatic and pioneering advances in organ transplantation and anti-rejection medicines that saved thousands of lives, died in his sleep Saturday at his home in Oakland. He was 90.

Dr. Starzl performed the world’s first liver transplant in Denver in 1963 and Pittsburgh’s first liver transplant in 1981 after moving there at the end of 1980. He was the surgeon who performed the world’s first heart-liver transplant in 1984, ...

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Will We Be Able to Cryogenically Freeze Organs One Day?

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A milestone in cryobiology announced this week is literally heart-warming.

A new nanoparticle technology warmed cryopreserved heart valves and blood vessels without damaging the tissues, found a study published Wednesday in the journal Science Translational Medicine. According to the researchers, this means that cryopreserving human hearts and kidneys in organ banks — and making them available for later use in patients — is finally within sight.

“We are not in any way declaring victory here,” said John Bischof, senior author of the ...

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Chicago Teen Gets Rare Heart And Lung Transplant

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Fifteen-year-old Spencer Kolman had to depend on an oxygen tank to get around but after a heart-lung transplant at St. Louis Children’s Hospital in Missouri last year, the Chicago teen now looks forward to doing what most kids do.

Four years ago, Spencer collapsed while playing hockey. He was initially suspected to have asthma and pneumonia but doctors eventually concluded that he has pulmonary fibrosis.

Pulmonary fibrosis is a lung disease characterized by lung tissues that get damaged and scarred. The thickened ...

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