55 year old James Boysen is the first patient to receive a craniofacial tissue transplant, while simultaneously receiving a kidney-pancreas transplant. The surgery took 15 hours and was done at Houston Methodist Hospital by a team led by Jesse C. Selber, MD and A. Osama Gaber, MD.
Boysen, who had been suffering of diabetes since age 5, had the original double-organ transplant in 1992. In 2006, Boysen was diagnosed with leiomyosarcoma, a rare cancer of the smooth muscle, on his scalp. Chemotherapy and radiation were successful in treating the cancer, but left a large wound on his head that included the scalp and thickness of his skull down to the brain.
As Boysen’s organs were failing, the surgeons made a decision to transplant the organs, skull, and scalp at the same time and using the same donor as this offered the best chance of preventing organ and tissue rejection.
Read full articles at:
http://www.theguardian.com/science/2015/jun/05/world-first-skull-and-scalp-transplant-gives-texas-man-new-lease-on-life (picture taken from this article)